The skin has tiny holes known as pores, and these pores can be blocked by bacteria, dirt, oil, and dead skin cells. When this blockage of the pores occurs, you may develop “zit.” Commonly known as pimples. If your skin is always affected by this condition, you may have acne. 

According to studies, acne has been proven to be the most common skin condition worldwide. Although this skin condition is not life-threatening, it can be painful, especially when it is severe, it can also affect a person’s self-esteem, cause emotional distress, and cause permanent physical scarring.

Symptoms Of Acne

Acne can be found almost any part of the body, but the most common places are the face, shoulder, chest, and back.

If you have acne, you will most likely find pimples that are either white or black- known as blackheads or whiteheads ( collectively called comedones).

Blackheads are open at the surface of your skin and have a black appearance due to oxygen in the air. On the other hand, whiteheads are closed under the surface of your skin, and they have a white appearance.

Although whiteheads and blackheads are the most occurring lesions seen in acne, other inflammatory lesions can cause scarring to the skin. These include:

  • Nodules: Which are solid, painful lumps beneath the skin surface.
  • Cysts: These are large lumps that contain pus and are usually painful. They are also found beneath the skin.
  • Papules: Are tiny red raised bumps caused by infected or inflamed hair follicles.
  • Pustules: Are small red pimples with pus at their tips.

What Are The Causes Of Acne?

Acne occurs when skin pores become blocked with dead skin, bacteria, or pores.

Each pore of the skin is an opening to a follicle. Each follicle is made up of a sebaceous/oil gland and a hair. 

The sebaceous gland releases sebum (oil), which travels through the hair out of the sweat pores and into the skin to keep it soft and lubricated.

One or more problems in the lubrication cycle/process can result in acne. Problems that can occur in the cycle include:

  • Too much oil production by your follicles
  • Dead skin cells accumulating in your pores.
  • Bacteria build up in your skin pores

These three problems add up to the development of pimples. A pimple growth occurs when bacteria grow in a blocked pore and prevent oil from escaping.

Risk Factors For Developing Acne

There are several myth about the causes of acne, and these myths have no scientific backings. Below is a list of reasons for acne/ risks factor for developing acne:

  • Hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy
  • Medications, such as certain birth control pills or corticosteroids
  • Diets high in refined sugars or carbohydrates, such as bread and chips.

The most common risk factor for acne is hormonal changes during puberty. These changes can activate oil production, resulting in an increased risk of acne. Hormonal acne associated with puberty usually subsides when you reach adulthood.

Diagnosis of Acne

Acne can be diagnosed by skin examination in order to identify the type of lesion accurately and their severity to proffer the most appropriate treatment.


Do you want to know how to treat and also prevent acne? If yes, we have a comprehensive guild for you here. 

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