This is a mood disorder described by feelings of sadness, anger or loss that disrupts a person’s daily activities.
This is common in today’s world, it can happen to anyone and comes it up in different ways. It can interfere with the typical day to day activity of a person, thereby leading to loss of time and little or no productivity. It could also lead to some or worsen some chronic health conditions such as arthritis, obesity, diabetes, asthma, cancer, and cardiovascular disease.
Feeling down most times is absolutely normal, but when feeling down becomes a regular occurrence, then you might be dealing with depression.
Depression can be more than a persistent state of sadness. There are different symptoms associated with depression, some affect the body, and others the mind and mood. The symptoms can be ongoing, and to some other persons, it comes and goes.
Below is a list of several areas where depression affects and the associated symptoms:
- Mood: Symptoms here are restlessness, anger, irritability, anger, anxiousness, aggressiveness and in children, they tend to cry and throw tantrums.
- Emotional Well-Being: Feeling of sadness, emptiness and hopelessness, children may have a sense of incompetence.
- Behavior: Symptoms includes finding no pleasure in exciting activities, the feeling of tiredness, loss of interest, thought of suicide, the use of drugs, and isolation.
- Sexual Interest: Here, there are symptoms such as lack of sexual performance, and reduced sexual desire.
- Cognitive Abilities: This leads to delay in answering conversations, difficulty in completing tasks and the inability to focus.
- Sleep patterns: Restless sleep, insomnia or excessive sleep.
- Physical Well-Being: Symptoms such as headaches, digestive problems and fatigue, changes in appetite, weight changes and for women, increased cramps.
You should know that depression symptoms can extend beyond affecting the mind.
Causes Of Depression
The possible causes of depression are numerous and can range from biological causes to circumstantial causes.
Common causes include:
- Family History: A person with a family history of depression or other mood disorder is at a higher risk of falling into depression.
- Early Childhood Trauma: Several happenings in the past can affect how an individual reacts to stressful situations as well as fear.
- Brain Structure and Neurotransmitters: There is a more significant risk of depression if the frontal lobe of the brain is not active. Also, it has been found that depression can sometimes be activated by nerve cell connections in the brain, when the nerve circuits are not functioning correctly or when there is nerve cell growth.
- Medical Conditions: Medical conditions such as insomnia, traumatic brain injury (TBI), chronic pain, attention-deficient hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or inflammation (stress-related or disease-related) can increase the risk of depression.
- Drug Use: Drugs or alcohol use and misuse can put you at risk.
- Hardship There is evidence from research by the World Health Organization that social and physiological factors such as poor health and nutrition, social isolation, unemployment, low socioeconomic status, stressful life events and history of abuse can trigger depression.
In our next article, we will bring to you how to prevent and also treat depression. Click Here.